Chaya Czernowin was born and brought up in Israel. After her studies in Israel, at the age of 25, she continued studying in Germany (DAAD grant), the US, and then was invited to live in Japan (Asahi Shimbun Fellowship and American NEA grant) Tokyo, in Germany (at the Akademie Schloss Solitude) and in Vienna. Her music has been performed throughout the world, by some of the best performers of new music, and she has held a professorship at UCSD, and was the first woman to be appointed as a composition professor at the University of Music and Performing Arts in Vienna, Austria (2006-2009), and at Harvard University in (2009 and on) where she has been the Walter Bigelow Rosen Professor of Music. Together with Jean- Baptiste Jolly, the director of Akademie Schloss Solitude near Stuttgart and with composer Steven Kazuo Takasugi, she has founded the summer Academy at Schloss Solitude, a biannual course for composers. Takasugi and Czernowin also teach at Tzlil Meudcan, an International course based in Israel founded by Yaron Deutsch of Ensemble Nikel.
Czernowin’s output includes chamber and orchestral music, with and without electronics. Her works were played in most of the significant new music festivals in Europe and also in Japan, Korea, Australia, North and South America. She composed two large scale works for the stage: Pnima...ins Innere (2000, Munich Biennale) which was chosen to be the best premiere of the year by Opernwelt yearly critic survey, and was awarded the Bayerischer Theater Preis, and Adama (2004/5) with Mozart's Zaide (a commission of Salzburg Festival 2006). She was appointed Artist-in-residence at the Salzburg Festival in 2005/6 and Artist-in-residence at the Lucern Festival, Switzerland in 2013. Characteristic of her work are the use of metaphor as a means of reaching a sound world which is unfamiliar; the work with noise and physical parameters such as weight, textural surface (as in smoothness or roughness, etc.) to create sonic entities which "live" in a field where perspective and distance change; the inquiry and problematization of the nature of musical energy, musical time, and unfolding; and the shifting of scale and perspective. All these in an attempt of peeling away the layers of the familiar exposing something essential underneath, something which is not yet known.
In addition to numerous other prizes, Czernowin represented Israel at Uncesco composer's Rostorum 1981; and was awarded the DAAD scholarship 1983-85; Stipendiumpreis (1988) and Kranichsteiner Musikpreis (1992), at the Darmstadt Fereinkurse; NEA grant 1994, IRCAM (Paris) reading panel commission 1998; scholarships of SWR Experimental Studio Freiburg 1998/2000/2001; The composer’s prize of Siemens Foundation 2003; the Rockefeller Foundation, 2004; a nomination as a fellow to the Wissenschaftkolleg Berlin in 2008; Fromm Foundation Award 2009; and Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship 2011. She is published by Schott. Her music is recorded on Mode records NY, Wergo, Col Legno, Deutsche Gramophone, Neos, Ethos, Telos and Einstein Records. She lives near Boston, with composer Steven Kazuo Takasugi and their son.
TO TOUCH SOUND by Michelle Lou
Gazing upon a landscape that is at times delicately fragile, taking notice of rocks, grains of sand, grass and patterns of light, there is an underlying corrosion; a glacial movement of a scale that seems imperceptible at first, but it is growing, teetering on the edge of transformation. It is the force which comes just before a landslide. Chaya Czernowin’s music possesses an almost primordial gaze, originating from an immense and bottomless core. There is a physical immediacy to her work, and while sensing an organic familiarness (like leaves, earth, wind, water, creatures, body, stomach), this is also a very foreign place – intricately constructed, shaped, and precise like an object carefully invented by a skilled hand. Her work resides in a place where experience is felt as a kind of instinctive embodied awareness that precedes language; where words have yet to be fully formed. For Czernowin, communication begins underneath, beyond categories of musical style, motives or metered rhythms. Meaning is found as an accretion; it is emergent and fluid as it attempts to reveal the tenebrous substance beneath. This process of “uncovering” is a central concept to Czernowin’s oeuvre. Having lived in five countries since the age of 25, the question of identity forged the impulse to excavate the layers that cohere a selfness to reveal something more coextensive. She writes:
The use of metaphor is also central to Czernowin’s compositional thought. Because words have no credence and definitions are therefore slippery, only metaphors are suitable tools to get closer to the thrust of her intentions. In the massive work, Maim (water), Czernowin sought to use of the image of water. Maim is scored for orchestra, five soloists (a disparate instrumental formation of tubax, guitar, harpsichord, oboe and viola) and live electronics. It appears in three large movements written from 2001-2006, Maim zarim maim Gnuvim (strange water stolen water), The memory of water, and Mei mecha’a (water of dissent). What was intended as an engagement with the “beauty and fluidity of water” became disrupted by the events of September 2001. Water hardened and for her, “the piece became a stage for the dialogue which emerges between the necessity to turn the eyes inside and shut the world out and the necessity of being aware and reacting to a troubled reality.” It is at this point that she understands and embraces the idea of the political in her work.
Along with her body of chamber and orchestral pieces are two operas. Her first, Pnima…ins Innere, for the Munich Biennale (2000) was based loosely on David Grossmann’s novel, “See under: love.” It is a haunting work that portrays the difficulty of communicating a traumatic experience between a boy and his grandfather. The weight is so oppressive, burdensome, that words have retreated, reverting to utterances. The work was awarded the Bavarian Theater Prize and was named “Best Premiere of the Year” by the critic’s survey of the magazine Opernwelt. In 2005 and in 2006 Czernowin was composer-in-residence at the Salzburg Festival, where she was commissioned to write a counterpoint piece to Mozart’s fragment, “Zaïde.” The resulting work Zaide/Adama, is the first attempt of its kind to answer an unfinished work with an intervening contemporary “counterpoint work.” With two orchestras and two casts, Czernowin’s Adama is a portrayal of forbidden love between a Palestinian and an Israeli.
Physicality. In the large orchestral works, The Quiet (2011), Zohar Iver (blind radiance) (2011) and Esh (2011), Czernowin further extends the experiential potentialities to transcend language in attempting towards music “to be seen, touched and felt through the ear.” The threads of connection can be very fragile, holding together rather heavy, weighted sections of material, along with multiple strands of opposing forces. They are following the laws of nature (in an invented landscape), of energy, entropy, and transference. In fact, her music is concerned with physics: matter, energy, atoms, particles, masses and their interactions and motion over time that is variously fragmented, altered, static or abrupt. She does not prescribe the listening experience, but rather lays the foundation for personal observation. It is this balance of addressing both the sensing body and the grasping mind in her music that motivates her; a balance that is on the edge of tipping, seeking a third realm, one that is on the fringe of our consciousness; a liminal space that “digests” personal and shared histories; mythologies worked out by dreams towards something that is in between, defying reduction by category or description; it is always in motion, alive.